Dubai Courts consists of a Court of First Instance, a Court of Appeal, and a Court of Cassation. Each of these courts has a Civil Division, a Criminal Division, and a Shari’a Division. Cases presented before Dubai Courts are typically heard by one or more judges. Juries are not used as Dubai is a civil law jurisdiction.
Dubai also has specialized local courts, including the Labour Court which deals exclusively with disputes between employers and employees, the Property Court which deals exclusively with real estate disputes between investors and developers, and DIFC Courts for civil and commercial disputes falling within the jurisdiction of the Dubai International Financial Centre.